This book focuses on one major goal: to help you prepare to pass the ROUTE exam (642-
902). To help you prepare, this book achieves other useful goals as well: It explains a wide
range of networking topics, shows how to configure those features on Cisco routers, and
explains how to determine if the feature is working. As a result, you also can use this
book as a general reference for IP routing and IP routing protocols. However, the motiva-
tion for this book, and the reason it sits within the Cisco Press Certification Guide series,
is that its primary goal is to help you pass the ROUTE exam.
The rest of this introduction focuses on two topics: the ROUTE exam and a description
of this book.
The CCNP ROUTE Exam
Cisco announced the ROUTE (642-902) exam in January 2010. The term ROUTE does
not act as an acronym; instead, the name describes the content of the exam, which focus-
es on IP routing. Generally, the exam includes detailed coverage of the EIGRP, OSPF, and
BGP IP routing protocols, IPv6, and a few other smaller topics related to IP routing.
Cisco first announced its initial Professional level certifications in 1998 with the CCNP
Routing and Switching certification. CCNP Routing and Switching certification from its
inception has included the same kinds of IP routing topics found in today’s ROUTE
exam, but the exam names changed over the years. The exam names have tracked the
names of the associated Cisco authorized courses for the same topics: Advanced Cisco
Router Configuration (ACRC) in the early days, Building Scalable Cisco Internetworks
(BSCI) for much of the last 10 years, and now ROUTE, because the newly revised
(in 2010) Cisco authorized course also goes by the name ROUTE.
Like its ancestors, the ROUTE exam is a part of the certification requirements for several
Cisco certifications, as follows:
■ Cisco Certified Networking Professional (CCNP)
■ Cisco Certified Internetworking Professional (CCIP)
■ Cisco Certified Design Professional (CCDP)
Each of these certifications emphasizes different perspectives on some similar topics.
CCNP focuses on the skills needed by a network engineer working for an Enterprise–that
is, a company that deploys networking gear for its own purposes. CCIP focuses on the
skills required by network engineers deploying gear at a service provider, with the service
provider then offering network services to customers. Finally, CCDP focuses more on
design–but good design requires solid knowledge of the technology and configuration.
So, although this book frequently refers to the most popular certification of these
three–CCNP–the ROUTE exam does apply to several certifications.